Havana Shore Excursions

Havana 500

Discover Havana’s captivating history and cultural charms. Havana, 498 years old, which fought off pirates and buccaneers for centuries, is now preparing a huge celebration: The 500th anniversary of its foundation by Spanish settlers on November 16, 1519. Take the unique opportunity to know fascinating local culture while discovering the timeless sights and sounds of nostalgic Havana. Mingle with locals, stroll around the bustling squares of Old Havana and cruise for half hour in a vintage convertible car as you immerse yourself in a place untouched by time.

Havana under the Sun & Stars

Experience Havana's history, art, political legacy, remarkable highlights and delicious cuisine. Get ready to experience an evening full of Cuban culture, flavors and entertainment. Be blown away by the concert of the Grammy Award-winning group Buena Vista Social Club; the stage is set for you to be delighted by Cuba’s world-famous Tropicana Cabaret; the Cuban Art Factory proposes diverse art expressions; the cannon shot ceremony El Cañonazo awaits at 9:00 pm; Jazz Clubs always featuring magic nights and notorious bars inviting you to sip their cocktails. It is your call!

Havana & Hemingway

Discover why the American novelist fell in love for Havana's vibrant soul, where he lived, fished, wrote, dined and sipped his favorite cocktails. Visit his haunts, his former farm Finca Vigía, Cojimar fishing village, Hotel Ambos Mundos’ room 511, El Floridita, La Bodeguita del Medio and Sloppy Joe's bars. Today, his footprints resist to fade away as he refused to leave Cuba in 1960 upon the U.S. ambassador's suggestion to give up his beloved tropical home because Washington was cutting off relations with Cuba. Find out why although dead 57 years ago, he is almost as palpable a presence as he was back in those days.

Viñales

Viñales is the perfect combination of natural beauty and traditional Cuban culture. It is best known for its tobacco farms and the distinctive limestone hills of Valle de Viñales, a stunning UNESCO World Heritage Site blessed by fertile rust-red soil and cigar-chewing guajiros (peasants) driving their oxen and plow through a tobacco field. It offers Cuba's very best hiking, caving and vistas, based around the tranquil farming town of Viñales on the edge of the park.

PROGRAM


  • Pick up at a meeting point outside Cruise Ship Terminal in Havana at 9:30 am or 2:30 pm depending on your Cruise Ship arrival.
  • Walking tour in Old Havana: Visit to Saint Francis of Assisi Square, Arms Square, Old Square and Cathedral Square, El Floridita bar, La Bodeguita del Medio bar, Hotel Ambos Mundos (Ernest Hemingway's regular bars and hotel in Old Havana).
  • Visit to the surroundings of the Morro-Cabaña fortresses complex.
  • Panoramic tour through the seafront avenue, “Malecón”, the Revolution Square, Central Park, Opera House, Capitol building, former Bacardi Building, Prado promenade, Sloppy Joe's Bar and Museum of the Revolution, former Presidential Palace. Stop at these places for pictures.
  • Lunch at a local private restaurant: “Paladar” (price varies depending on your choice).
  • Visit to Fusterlandia, home neighborhood of a Cuban artist in the suburbs of Havana who turned his own house and surroundings into a masterpiece of intricate tilework inspired in Gaudi and Picasso.
  • Ride for 30 minutes in a vintage convertible car. Travel back in time to the 50's and Live it up and do it your way like Frankie!!!!
  • Optional visit to a flea market.
  • Optional visit to Havana Club Rum Museum (admission fee: 7.00 CUC/person), a cigar factory (only available from Monday to Friday) (admission fee: 10.00 CUC/person) and Columbus Cemetery (admission fee: 5.00 CUC/person).
  • Drop off at the Cruise Ship Terminal.

Book this Excursion

Important Notes:

  • Duration: hours.
  • Meeting point: San Felipe de Bejucal Hotel, in front of the Cruise Ship Terminal across Saint Francis of Assisi square.
  • Quality: Experienced, Reliable, English speaking local guides.
  • Convenient: Port pick-up with private air-conditioned and insured transportation
  • Personalized: Fully customizable tour itineraries.
  • Service: 24/7 Customer Support.
  • Reliable: Return to ship guarantee.
  • Payment in CUC or USD cash is required at the end of the tour. Check our rate for USD.
  • In case of American citizens, this cultural exchange includes a full-time schedule of activities intended to enhance contact and support for Cubans. All our tours fall under the Support for the Cuban People Category.


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Tour Highlights

  • Cathedral SquareIt was originally known as Swamp Square because of the marshy land and subterranean springs. A church built by the Jesuit order (1748-1776) was promoted to the status of cathedral 1789, thus the original plaza became Cathedral Square. Some aristocratic buildings appeared later as Lombillo, Marquis of Aguas Claras and Marquis of Arcos palaces. The cathedral´s Baroque façade is grandiose with two large asymmetrical towers and its neoclassical interior treasures frescoes by Italian Giovani Perovani and Jean Baptiste Vermay. Pope John Paul II visited it in 1998.
  • Revolution Square “José Martí”This construction was conceived in 1953 as Civic Square, on the 100th anniversary of the Cuban national hero´s birth and finished in 1959 when it was renamed as Revolution Square. It consists of a 142 meters tower representing a five pointed star and a huge statue of José Martí whose Memorial is in the interior of the base. Since 1959 it has been Cuba´s political and administrative center and the main venue for political rallies and official celebrations. Pope John Paul II in 1998 and Pope Benedicto XVI in 2012 celebrated masses together with thousands of worshipers.
  • Morro Castle Construction of this fortress was designed by Bautista Antonelli and built between 1589 and 1630. The original lighthouse was rebuilt many times, the one that still stands today is from 1845 and has its original lamp. Havana was a highly prized target for enemies and pirates for its extremely favorable strategic position in the Caribbean and became the most fortified city in any Spanish colony. It was declared a UNESCO site as part of the city´s defense system along with other  fortresses as La Cabaña, La Real Fuerza, La Punta, etc.
  • Grand Theater of Havana It was designed by Belgian architect Paul Belau to host the social activities of Havana´s large and affluent Spanish community. The magnificent façade is decorated with four sculpture groups depicting Charity, Education, Music and Theater. It was built over the foundations of the Tacón Theater which opened on November 1837. The present building was inaugurated on 1915 and has witnessed world famous artist as Fanny Essler, Verdi, Sarah Bernhardt, Arthur Rubinstein, Anna Pavlova and Alicia Alonso, etc. Today, it houses the National Ballet of Cuba.
  • The Capitol The Cuban Capitol, Inaugurated on May 20th, 1929 was the seat of the House of Representatives and the Senate until 1959. It marks the 0 kilometer of Cuba’s highways system. Its almost 92 meters high dome, the Chamber of Deputies, the Hall of Lost Steps and the statue “the Republic”, made by the Italian artist Angelo Zanelli, the third largest indoor statue in the world are among its many attractions. Today, it houses the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment.
  • Old SquareThe hustle and bustle at San Francisco Square bothered religious services at the Basilica. The Franciscan fathers requested the creation of a square for exclusive commercial use, named New Square. After the creation of other urban areas in the 19th century it lost its initial name becoming Old Square. Cristina Market was built in the center in honor of the Queen, being demolished in 1908. Administrative and business offices sprang up with the 20th Century and a small amphitheater with a parking lot beneath were built in 1952 which are no longer part of this square after its restoration.
  • Square of Saint Francis de AssisiIts location made it the center of imports, export, sailors and troops disembarking. The construction of a humble Franciscan convent, later one of the most beautiful buildings in the area, gave its name to the open space. The Fountain of the Lions, donated by Villanueva Count in 1836 and sculpted in Carrara marble, supplied for many years the ships docked here with drinking water. The Stock Exchange (1909) and the Customs House (1914) were added to the physiognomy of the square.
  • El TempleteNeoclassic monument inaugurated in 1828 as a remembrance to the foundation of Saint Christopher of Havana. It stands where there was a silk-cotton tree, under whose shadow the first Mass and city council were held on November 16th, 1519. Inside, there are three canvases by Jean Baptiste Vermay depicting these scenes. Every year on November 16th, locals would circle the tree three times, knock on its trunk three times and ask for their wishes as part of a town tradition.
  • MalecónThis seafront promenade runs for 7 km alongside the city´s historic quarters, from the colonial center to the skyscrapers of El Vedado. This busy boulevard is lined with many attractive buildings whose pastel hues have faded in the sun and salty air. It is magical at sunset, popular among fishermen, and the perfect place for people to hang out, meet friends and socialize.
  • Real Fuerza CastleThis fortress was built in 1558-1577 to protect the city from pirate attacks and is the oldest military construction in Havana. Despite its perfect Renaissance architecture, it couldn´t be efficient as it was built too far inside the bay, in a low area. It was used as warehouse, Governor´s residence, barracks, National Archive, Army Headquarters, National Library, and Arms Museum, etc. The Giraldilla, a sculpture cast in bronze by Havana artist Jerónimo Martínez Pinzón was placed as a weather vane on top of the Northwest tower in the 1630s and became a city´s symbol.
  • Central ParkThe Central Plaza was built in 1877 after the old city walls were demolished. Since February 1905, its large esplanade is presided by a statue of José Martí, which replaced a marble statue of Isabel II of Spain. The Central Plaza is surrounded by significant buildings, such as the Grand Theater of Havana, the Inglaterra, Telégrafo, Plaza and Parque Central Hotels, the old Gómez Mena mall, the Universal Art building of the Fine Arts National Museum and the Payret Movie Theater.
  • Revolution MuseumThe residence of 22 Cuban presidents since 1920 until 1959 was designed by Carlos Maruri and Paul Belau and decorated by Teffany of New York. The museum features documents, photographs of the different historical processes in Cuba. The Granma Memorial treasures the boat which brought Fidel Castro and his comrades from Mexico to begin the armed struggle against Batista. There also objects and vehicles relating to the invasion of the Bay of Pigs and missile crisis, etc.
  • Christopher Columbus CemeteryHavana’s monumental Cemetery, built in (1871-1886), is one of the largest in the world, occupying an area of 57 hectares. Because of its many sculptures and monuments from eclectic to contemporary art, the Necropolis was proclaimed a National Monument in 1987. It was designed by Calixto de Loira as a Roman military camp. The statue in Carrara marble of the three theological virtues Faith, Hope and Charity which crowns the front gate was sculpted in 1904 by the Cuban artist José Villalta de Saavedra. The most visited grave, “The Miraculous one”, is the tomb of Amelia Goyri de la Hoz who became a protector of pregnant women and newborn children.
  • Arms squareFew steps away from the village´s foundation site, it was built between the Parochial Church and the Real Fuerza Castle, spot that grouped the political, military, religious and civilian functions of an emerging population. Used for military exercises in the 1700s, it is surrounded by important public buildings of the time as the Royal Post Office (1772-1790), subsequently the Lieutenant Governor’s Palace; the Governor´s Palace, the City´s Museum since 1968; the Count of Santovenia’s Palace, today Santa Isabel Hotel, and El Templete.
  • FusterlandiaFusterlandia is an ongoing project at Jaimanitas, West of Havana, where Cuban artist José Fuster has turned his home neighborhood into a masterpiece of outstanding tilework and bright colors. He has scattered his imagination from his own house to the rest of the community, decorating houses from roof to foundations with art, sculpture and mosaic tiles of every color and description. Deep influence of Gaudi modernism, Santería and Cuban culture runs through almost every snippet of this unique urban art.
  • Morro Castle Construction of this fortress was designed by Bautista Antonelli and built between 1589 and 1630. The original lighthouse was rebuilt many times, the one that still stands today is from 1845 and has its original lamp. Havana was a highly prized target for enemies and pirates for its extremely favorable strategic position in the Caribbean and became the most fortified city in any Spanish colony. It was declared a UNESCO site as part of the city´s defense system along with other  fortresses as La Cabaña, La Real Fuerza, La Punta, etc.
  • Tropicana The most famous nightclub in Cuba is located in the outskirts of Havana. Many legendary figures of the 20th century have performed here, including Josephine Baker and Nat King Cole. The Tropicana was originally a farm estate which was transformed in the 1930s into a vast nightspot with a restaurant and casino opening on December 31st, 1939. At the main entrance is the Fountain of the Muses (1952) and the statue of a ballet dancer, by Rita Longa (1959) is now the symbol of the club.
  • Grand Theater of Havana It was designed by Belgian architect Paul Belau to host the social activities of Havana´s large and affluent Spanish community. The magnificent façade is decorated with four sculpture groups depicting Charity, Education, Music and Theater. It was built over the foundations of the Tacón Theater which opened on November 1837. The present building was inaugurated on 1915 and has witnessed world famous artist as Fanny Essler, Verdi, Sarah Bernhardt, Arthur Rubinstein, Anna Pavlova and Alicia Alonso, etc. Today, it houses the National Ballet of Cuba.
  • The Capitol The Cuban Capitol, Inaugurated on May 20th, 1929 was the seat of the House of Representatives and the Senate until 1959. It marks the 0 kilometer of Cuba’s highways system. Its almost 92 meters high dome, the Chamber of Deputies, the Hall of Lost Steps and the statue “the Republic”, made by the Italian artist Angelo Zanelli, the third largest indoor statue in the world are among its many attractions. Today, it houses the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment.
  • El Floridita BarErnest Hemingway’s favorite place to enjoy his daiquiri. In 1953 it was considered one of the seven most famous bars in the world, and in 1992, the American Academy of Gastronomical Science presented the Floridita with the Best of the Best Five Star Diamond Award. Kwon as the “cradle of the Daiquiri”, it still keeps its original Regency décor from 1950s.
  • Old SquareThe hustle and bustle at San Francisco Square bothered religious services at the Basilica. The Franciscan fathers requested the creation of a square for exclusive commercial use, named New Square. After the creation of other urban areas in the 19th century it lost its initial name becoming Old Square. Cristina Market was built in the center in honor of the Queen, being demolished in 1908. Administrative and business offices sprang up with the 20th Century and a small amphitheater with a parking lot beneath were built in 1952 which are no longer part of this square after its restoration.
  • La Bodeguita del MedioA very well-known bar where Hemingway loved to drink mojitos and a one of the city’s great tourist attractions, where countless visitors have left their imprint in a souvenir, a photo or on its graffiti covered walls. Here you will find signatures by Errol Flynn, Nat King Cole, Ernest Hemingway, Pablo Neruda, Gabriel García Márquez, Alejo Carpentier and Nicolás Guillen, among many others.
  • Cathedral SquareIt was originally known as Swamp Square because of the marshy land and subterranean springs. A church built by the Jesuit order (1748-1776) was promoted to the status of cathedral 1789, thus the original plaza became Cathedral Square. Some aristocratic buildings appeared later as Lombillo, Marquis of Aguas Claras and Marquis of Arcos palaces. The cathedral´s Baroque façade is grandiose with two large asymmetrical towers and its neoclassical interior treasures frescoes by Italian Giovani Perovani and Jean Baptiste Vermay. Pope John Paul II visited it in 1998.
  • Square of Saint Francis de AssisiIts location made it the center of imports, export, sailors and troops disembarking. The construction of a humble Franciscan convent, later one of the most beautiful buildings in the area, gave its name to the open space. The Fountain of the Lions, donated by Villanueva Count in 1836 and sculpted in Carrara marble, supplied for many years the ships docked here with drinking water. The Stock Exchange (1909) and the Customs House (1914) were added to the physiognomy of the square.
  • El TempleteNeoclassic monument inaugurated in 1828 as a remembrance to the foundation of Saint Christopher of Havana. It stands where there was a silk-cotton tree, under whose shadow the first Mass and city council were held on November 16th, 1519. Inside, there are three canvases by Jean Baptiste Vermay depicting these scenes. Every year on November 16th, locals would circle the tree three times, knock on its trunk three times and ask for their wishes as part of a town tradition.
  • MalecónThis seafront promenade runs for 7 km alongside the city´s historic quarters, from the colonial center to the skyscrapers of El Vedado. This busy boulevard is lined with many attractive buildings whose pastel hues have faded in the sun and salty air. It is magical at sunset, popular among fishermen, and the perfect place for people to hang out, meet friends and socialize.
  • Real Fuerza CastleThis fortress was built in 1558-1577 to protect the city from pirate attacks and is the oldest military construction in Havana. Despite its perfect Renaissance architecture, it couldn´t be efficient as it was built too far inside the bay, in a low area. It was used as warehouse, Governor´s residence, barracks, National Archive, Army Headquarters, National Library, and Arms Museum, etc. The Giraldilla, a sculpture cast in bronze by Havana artist Jerónimo Martínez Pinzón was placed as a weather vane on top of the Northwest tower in the 1630s and became a city´s symbol.
  • Revolution MuseumThe residence of 22 Cuban presidents since 1920 until 1959 was designed by Carlos Maruri and Paul Belau and decorated by Teffany of New York. The museum features documents, photographs of the different historical processes in Cuba. The Granma Memorial treasures the boat which brought Fidel Castro and his comrades from Mexico to begin the armed struggle against Batista. There also objects and vehicles relating to the invasion of the Bay of Pigs and missile crisis, etc.
  • Hotel Ambos MundosThis charming hotel from 1923, eclectically decorated, is rich in literary memories. The American writer Ernest Hemingway stayed here for long periods during the 1930´s writing fishing chronicles and began to write his novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Room 511, where he mostly stayed is now a museum that features personal belongings and pictures of the author.
  • Sloppy Joe´s BarSloppy Joe's was a spectacular Havana bar in the 30's. Ernest Hemingway was a regular with his pal, Joe Russell who was the owner of another Sloppy Joe's Bar in Cayo Hueso, a name Hemingway had suggested in honor to Mr. Garcia, the owner, who ran his business very messy and careless at first, hence the name of Sloppy Joe. A sandwich served here, made of shredded beef "ropa vieja”, was worldwide known as Sloppy Joe´s. It was also a very popular place for having the longest mahogany drinks cabinet of Cuba.
  • Fábrica de Arte Cubano Fábrica de Arte Cubano is one of Havana’s finest new art projects, an interactive place for live music, art expos, fashion shows. This converted cooking-oil factory in Vedado founded by Cuban fusion musician X-Alfonso in 2014 is a cultural-social project which aims at supporting and promoting young artists work from all art expressions such as cinema, music, dance, theatre, plastic arts, literature, photography, fashion and graphic design.
  • FusterlandiaFusterlandia is an ongoing project at Jaimanitas, West of Havana, where Cuban artist José Fuster has turned his home neighborhood into a masterpiece of outstanding tilework and bright colors. He has scattered his imagination from his own house to the rest of the community, decorating houses from roof to foundations with art, sculpture and mosaic tiles of every color and description. Deep influence of Gaudi modernism, Santería and Cuban culture runs through almost every snippet of this unique urban art.
  • Hotel Ambos MundosThis charming hotel from 1923, eclectically decorated, is rich in literary memories. The American writer Ernest Hemingway stayed here for long periods during the 1930´s writing fishing chronicles and began to write his novel For Whom the Bell Tolls. Room 511, where he mostly stayed is now a museum that features personal belongings and pictures of the author.
  • El Floridita BarErnest Hemingway’s favorite place to enjoy his daiquiri. In 1953 it was considered one of the seven most famous bars in the world, and in 1992, the American Academy of Gastronomical Science presented the Floridita with the Best of the Best Five Star Diamond Award. Kwon as the “cradle of the Daiquiri”, it still keeps its original Regency décor from 1950s.
  • Morro Castle Construction of this fortress was designed by Bautista Antonelli and built between 1589 and 1630. The original lighthouse was rebuilt many times, the one that still stands today is from 1845 and has its original lamp. Havana was a highly prized target for enemies and pirates for its extremely favorable strategic position in the Caribbean and became the most fortified city in any Spanish colony. It was declared a UNESCO site as part of the city´s defense system along with other  fortresses as La Cabaña, La Real Fuerza, La Punta, etc.
  • The Capitol The Cuban Capitol, Inaugurated on May 20th, 1929 was the seat of the House of Representatives and the Senate until 1959. It marks the 0 kilometer of Cuba’s highways system. Its almost 92 meters high dome, the Chamber of Deputies, the Hall of Lost Steps and the statue “the Republic”, made by the Italian artist Angelo Zanelli, the third largest indoor statue in the world are among its many attractions. Today, it houses the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment.
  • Old SquareThe hustle and bustle at San Francisco Square bothered religious services at the Basilica. The Franciscan fathers requested the creation of a square for exclusive commercial use, named New Square. After the creation of other urban areas in the 19th century it lost its initial name becoming Old Square. Cristina Market was built in the center in honor of the Queen, being demolished in 1908. Administrative and business offices sprang up with the 20th Century and a small amphitheater with a parking lot beneath were built in 1952 which are no longer part of this square after its restoration.
  • La Bodeguita del MedioA very well-known bar where Hemingway loved to drink mojitos and a one of the city’s great tourist attractions, where countless visitors have left their imprint in a souvenir, a photo or on its graffiti covered walls. Here you will find signatures by Errol Flynn, Nat King Cole, Ernest Hemingway, Pablo Neruda, Gabriel García Márquez, Alejo Carpentier and Nicolás Guillen, among many others.
  • Square of Saint Francis de AssisiIts location made it the center of imports, export, sailors and troops disembarking. The construction of a humble Franciscan convent, later one of the most beautiful buildings in the area, gave its name to the open space. The Fountain of the Lions, donated by Villanueva Count in 1836 and sculpted in Carrara marble, supplied for many years the ships docked here with drinking water. The Stock Exchange (1909) and the Customs House (1914) were added to the physiognomy of the square.
  • El TempleteNeoclassic monument inaugurated in 1828 as a remembrance to the foundation of Saint Christopher of Havana. It stands where there was a silk-cotton tree, under whose shadow the first Mass and city council were held on November 16th, 1519. Inside, there are three canvases by Jean Baptiste Vermay depicting these scenes. Every year on November 16th, locals would circle the tree three times, knock on its trunk three times and ask for their wishes as part of a town tradition.
  • MalecónThis seafront promenade runs for 7 km alongside the city´s historic quarters, from the colonial center to the skyscrapers of El Vedado. This busy boulevard is lined with many attractive buildings whose pastel hues have faded in the sun and salty air. It is magical at sunset, popular among fishermen, and the perfect place for people to hang out, meet friends and socialize.
  • Real Fuerza CastleThis fortress was built in 1558-1577 to protect the city from pirate attacks and is the oldest military construction in Havana. Despite its perfect Renaissance architecture, it couldn´t be efficient as it was built too far inside the bay, in a low area. It was used as warehouse, Governor´s residence, barracks, National Archive, Army Headquarters, National Library, and Arms Museum, etc. The Giraldilla, a sculpture cast in bronze by Havana artist Jerónimo Martínez Pinzón was placed as a weather vane on top of the Northwest tower in the 1630s and became a city´s symbol.
  • Arms squareFew steps away from the village´s foundation site, it was built between the Parochial Church and the Real Fuerza Castle, spot that grouped the political, military, religious and civilian functions of an emerging population. Used for military exercises in the 1700s, it is surrounded by important public buildings of the time as the Royal Post Office (1772-1790), subsequently the Lieutenant Governor’s Palace; the Governor´s Palace, the City´s Museum since 1968; the Count of Santovenia’s Palace, today Santa Isabel Hotel, and El Templete.
  • La Vigia FarmAt San Francisco de Paula on the outskirts of Havana, this villa was built in 1887 and bought by Hemingway in 1940 where he lived for 20 years and wrote some his novels. It was turned into a museum in 1962 after his death and displays over 1000 books library, hunting trophies, the author personal belongings, etc. Two curios features in the garden are the cat cemetery and the author´s fishing boat El Pilar which he also used to patrol the sea north of Cuba, on the outlook of Nazi submarines that were in the area to sink ships laden with sugar intended for the allied troops.
  • CojímarThis small fishermen town, east of Havana, was the place that harbored Hemingway´s boat “El Pilar” and became the setting for his book “The Old Man and the Sea”. There is a monument featuring a bust of the writer and nearby on the seafront, a small fort (1649) stands as the eastern most defense point of the city where this community emerged.
  • Sloppy Joe´s BarSloppy Joe's was a spectacular Havana bar in the 30's. Ernest Hemingway was a regular with his pal, Joe Russell who was the owner of another Sloppy Joe's Bar in Cayo Hueso, a name Hemingway had suggested in honor to Mr. Garcia, the owner, who ran his business very messy and careless at first, hence the name of Sloppy Joe. A sandwich served here, made of shredded beef "ropa vieja”, was worldwide known as Sloppy Joe´s. It was also a very popular place for having the longest mahogany drinks cabinet of Cuba.
  • Viñales Valley Viñales valley and a section of this Mountain Range where it is located became in 1999 a National Park and was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site in the category of Cultural landscape. This overwhelming landscape houses 17 botanical species and 47 archeological sites, most of them related to aboriginal communities and runaway African slaves. It features unique gigantic limestone hillocks, mogotes, honeycombed with cavities which resemble a huge church organ, therefore the name Sierra de los Organos, Organs Mountain Range.
  • Indian´s CaveThis cave discovered in 1920, lies in the San Vicente Valley. The first part of the tour here is on foot and then a motorboat takes visitors through a river which runs inside the cave. It´s plenty of gorgeous stalactites and stalagmites, some of which resemble animals, ships, skull, etc.
  • Pre History Mural Located at Dos Hermanas Valley, this spectacular Mural (120 meters high and 160 meters long) was painted by Leovigildo Gonzáles Morillo who was Chief Cartographer of the Cuban Academy of Science. The face of a limestone hillock features the history of local evolution from ammonites to Hommo Sapiens.
  • Runaway slave refugeIn the depths of San Miguel´s cave, there is a Palenque, run away refuge, which houses a museum now. Cimarrones were runaway slaves who hid in the mountains or forests to avoid those whose job it was to capture them alive or dead. These fugitives organized frequent revolts which were almost inevitably suppressed with bloodshed.
  • Mogotes They are among the most ancient rocks in Cuba and all what remains of a limestone plateau. Over a period lasting millions of years, underground aquifers eroded the softer limestone giving rise to large caverns whose ceiling later collapsed. Only the hard lime stone pillars, mogotes, were left standing. They are covered with thick vegetation where some endemic plant species have adapted to life on their craggy crevices.
  • Tobacco farmingIn Cuba, the process of tobacco growing is the result of age old expertise handed down to generations. Tobacco plants are very delicate and need skilful handling. There two types: Corojo, grown in green houses, which has the finest leaves, selected as the cigar´s wrapper, and Criollo, which grows outdoors and provides the cigar´s filler and its binder. Harvesting tobacco is a laborious operation. The leaves are tied in bunches and put to dry in sheds hanging on horizontal poles. Humidification is a hydrating process carried out after the drying so that the leaves do not dry out.

Highlights